This review examined RCTs of spermicide used alone for contraception and presents efficacy findings for each study. Pregnancy rates varied considerably between trials; personal characteristics and behavior of users also impacted the probability of preventing pregnancy. 

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Sep 30;9: CD005218.

Published:
Sep. 2013
Type:
Staff Publication
Topic:
Contraception
Authors:
Raymond, Elizabeth G., Grimes, D.A., Lopez, L.M., Raymond, E.G., Halpern, V., Nanda, K., Schulz, K.F.