background
Jill Durocher

Home Use of Two Doses of Misoprostol After Mifepristone for Medical Abortion: A Pilot Study in Sweden and France

Published
September 1st, 2005
Type
Publication
Topic
Medication Abortion
Authors
Clark, W. H., Hassoun, D., Gemzell-Danielsson, K., Fiala, C., Winikoff B.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Car; 2005 Sep;10(3):184-91. doi: 10.1080/13625180500284581.

Objective: To test the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of home use of two doses of misoprostol for medical abortion (MA) in European settings.

Methods:
One hundred thirty women (100 in Sweden, 30 in France) presenting for first-trimester MA were administered oral mifepristone in the clinic and sent home with two 400 μg doses of misoprostol, along with instructions to take the misoprostol at 24 h intervals. Women were also asked to complete a daily symptom diary. Outcomes of interest included effectiveness, side-effects, and adherence to and acceptability of the home-use regimen.

Results:
Three women (all in France) were lost to follow-up. Of the remaining 127 women, 124 (98%) had a successful MA. All women adhered successfully to the home-use regimen, and satisfaction with home use was high (98%). Most women experienced noticeable, if transitory, side effects after both the first and second doses of misoprostol (97% and 94%, respectively).

Conclusions:
Misoprostol may successfully and satisfactorily be used at home as part of a MA regimen in European settings as it has been for years in the US. Further research to determine if two doses of misoprostol are more effective than a single dose would be useful.