Hormonal contraceptive methods and risk of HIV acquisition in women: a systematic review of epidemiological evidence
- October 1st, 2014
- Polis, C.B., Phillips, S.J., Curtis, K.M., Westreich, D.J., Steyn, P.S., Raymond, E., Hannaford, P., Turner, A.N.
Contraception; 2014 Oct; 90(4):360-90; doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2014.07.009
This systematic review commissioned by the WHO updates a review published in 2012 that assessed whether hormonal contraceptives affect the risk of HIV acquisition. As in the original review, the data do not suggest a link between the use of oral contraceptives and increased risk; however, the relationship between progestin-only injectable contraceptives and risk of HIV acquisition continues to be uncertain. Women using injectables should be educated regarding this uncertainty and empowered to use HIV preventative measures.