Spermicide used alone for contraception
- September 8th, 2013
- Staff Publication
- Raymond, Elizabeth G., Grimes, D.A., Lopez, L.M., Raymond, E.G., Halpern, V., Nanda, K., Schulz, K.F.
This review examined RCTs of spermicide used alone for contraception and presents efficacy findings for each study. Pregnancy rates varied considerably between trials; personal characteristics and behavior of users also impacted the probability of preventing pregnancy.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Sep 30;9: CD005218.