The effectiveness and safety of introducing condom-catheter uterine balloon tamponade for postpartum haemorrhage at secondary level hospitals in Uganda, Egypt, and Senegal: a stepped wedge, cluster-randomised trial
- August 13th, 2019
- Postpartum Hemorrhage
- Winikoff, B., Durocher, J., Dabash, R., Anger, H., Frye, L. J., Diop, A., Burkhardt, G., Charles, D., Hassanein, N., Ononge,S ., Beye, SB., Darwish, E., Ramadan, MC., Kayaga, J., Gaye, A., Eckardt, M.
BJOG; 13 August 2019; https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15903
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of introducing condom-catheter uterine balloon tamponade (UBT) for postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) management in low- and middle-income settings.
Design: Stepped wedge, cluster-randomised trial.
Setting: Eighteen secondary-level hospitals in Uganda, Egypt, and Senegal.
Population: Women with vaginal delivery from October 2016 to March 2018.
Methods: Use of condom-catheter UBT for PPH management was introduced using a half-day training and provision of pre-packaged UBT kits. Hospitals were randomised to when UBT was introduced. The incident rate (IR) of study outcomes was compared in the control (i.e. before UBT) and intervention (i.e. after UBT) periods. Mixed effects regression models accounted for clustering (random effect) and time period (fixed effect).
Main outcome measures: Combined IR of PPH-related invasive surgery and/or maternal death.
Results: There were 28 183 and 31 928 deliveries in the control and intervention periods, respectively. UBT was used for 9/1357 and 55/ 1037 women diagnosed with PPH in control and intervention periods, respectively. PPH-related surgery or maternal death occurred in 19 women in the control period (IR = 6.7/10 000 deliveries) and 37 in the intervention period (IR = 11.6/10 000 deliveries). The adjusted IR ratio was 4.08 (95% confidence interval 1.07–15.58). Secondary outcomes, including rates of transfer and blood transfusion, were similar in the trial periods.
Conclusions: Introduction of condom-catheter UBT in these settings did not improve maternal outcomes and was associated with an increase in the combined incidence of PPH-related surgery and maternal death. The lack of demonstrated benefit of UBT introduction with respect to severe outcomes warrants reflection on its role.