Jill Durocher

Using Misoprostol to Treat Postpartum Hemorrhage in Home Deliveries Attended by Traditional Birth Attendants

January 24th, 2019
Postpartum Hemorrhage
Abbas DF, Jehan N, Diop A, Durocher J, Byrne ME, Zuberi N, Ahmed Z, Walraven G, Winikoff B

Randomized Controlled Trial Int J Gynaecol Obstet; 2019 Jan 24; Vol. 144(3):290-296; doi:10.1002/ijgo.12756

Objective: To explore the clinical and programmatic feasibility of using 800 μg of sublingual misoprostol to prevent and treat postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) during home delivery.

Methods: The present double-blind randomized controlled trial included women who underwent home deliveries in Chitral district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, after presenting at healthcare facilities during the third trimester of pregnancy between May 28, 2012, and November 27, 2014. Participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 800 μg of misoprostol or placebo sublingually if PPH was diagnosed, having previously received a prophylactic oral dose of 600 μg misoprostol. The primary outcome, hemoglobin decrease of 20 g/L or greater from pre- to post-delivery assessment, was compared on a modified intention-to-treat basis.

Results: There were 49 patients allocated to receive misoprostol and 38 allocated to receive placebo; the incidence of a 20 g/L decrease in hemoglobin was similar between the groups (20/43 [47%] vs 19/33 [58%], respectively; P=0.335).

Conclusion: There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between the two trial arms. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.